Follow the links for abstracts of articles relevant to the contents of this site:

1. Axe MJ, Snyder-Mackler L, Konin JG, Strube MJ: Development of a distance-based interval throwing program for Little League-aged athletes. Am J Sports Med, 24(5): 594-602, 1996.

2. Lyman S, Fleisig GS, Waterbor JW, Funkhouser EM, Pulley L, Andrews JR, Osinski ED, Roseman JM: Longitudinal study of elbow and shoulder pain in youth baseball pitchers. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 33(11):1803-10, 2001.

3. Lyman S, Fleisig GS: Baseball Injuries. Med Sport Sci; 49: 9-30, 2005.

4. Lyman S, Fleisig GS, Andrews JR, Osinski ED: Effect of pitch type, pitch count and pitching mechanics on risk of elbow and shoulder pain in youth baseball pitchers. Am J Sports Med, 30(4): 463-8, 2002.

5. USA Baseball Medical & Safety Advisory Committee Position Statement on Youth Baseball Injuries, 2006.

6. Bach HG, Goldberg BA: Posterior Capsular Contracture of the Shoulder. J Am Aca Orth Surg, 14(5):256-76, 2006.

7. Grossman MG, Tibone JE, et al. A Cadaveric Model of theThrowing Shoulder: a Possible Etiology of Superior Labrum Anterior-to-Posterior Lesions. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 87(4): 824-31, 2005.

8. Gregg JR, Labosky D, et al. Serratus Anterior Paralysis in the Young Athlete. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 61: 825-32, 1979.

9. Aval SM, Durand P, Shankwiler JA. Neurovascular Injuries to the Athlete's Shoulder: Part I. J Am Acad Orth Surg, 15(4):249-56, 2007.

10. Chen FS, Rokito AS, Jobe FW. Medial Elbow Problems in the Overhead-Throwing Athlete. J Am Acad Orth Surg, 9(2):99-113, 2001.

11. Klingele KE, Kocher MS. Little League Elbow: Valgus Overload Injury in the Paediatric Athlete. Sports Med, 32(15):1005-15, 2002.

12. Cain EL, Dugas Jr, Wolf RS, Andrews JR. Elbow Injuries in Throwing Athletes: A Current Concepts Review. Am J Sports Med, 31(4): 621-35, 2003.

13. Longman J. Fit Young Pitchers See Elbow Repair as Cure-All. The New York Times: July 20, 2007.

14. Ansah P, Vogh S, Ueblacker P, Osteochondral Transplantation to Treat Osteochondral Lesions in the Elbow. J Bone and Joint Surg, 89-A(10): 2188-2194, 2007.

15. Wahegaonkar AL, Doi K, Hattori Y, Addosooki A. Technique of Osteochondral Autograft Transplantation Mosaicplasty for Capitellar Osteochondritis Dissecans. J Hand Surg, 32-A(9): 1454-1461, 2007.

16. Yamamoto Y, Ishihashi Y, Tsuda E, Sato H, Toh S. Osteochondral Autograft Transplantation for Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Elbow in Juvenile Baseball Players: Minimum 2-year Follow-up. Am J Sports Med, 34(5): 714-720, 2006.

17. Iwasaki N, Kato H, Ishikawa J, Saitoh S, Minami A. Autologous Osteochondral Mosaicplasty for Capitellar Osteochondritis Dissecans in Teenaged Patients. Am J Sports Med, 34(8): 1233-1239, 2006.

18. Vijaysadan V, Zimmerman AM, Pajaro RE. Paget-Schroetter Syndrome in the Young and Active. J Am Board of Family Med, 18(4): 314-319, 2005.

19. Toumeh MS, Sanaullah M, Rahman M, Kobrinsky N. Effort-Related Upper Extremity Thrombosis. Consultant, 48(1): 35-36, 2008.

20. Khan, S. Too Much Too Soon / Overuse is the main reason Tommy John Surgery is rising among young pitchers. Houston Chronicle, 4/22/2008: p3.

21. Trakis JE, McHugh MP, et al. Muscle Strength and Range of Motion in Adolescent Pitchers With Throwing-Related Pain: Implications for Injury Prevention. Am J Sports Med, (pre-print on Epub), 2008.

22. Nakamizo H, Nakamura Y, Nobuhara K, Yamamoto T. Loss of Glenohumeral Internal Rotation in Little League PItchers: A Biomechanical Study. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 17(5): 795-801, 2008.

23. Richard  MJ,  Aldridge JM III, Wiesler ER, Ruch DS. Traumatic Valgus Instability of the Elbow:  Pathoanatomy and Results of Direct Repair. J Bone Joint Surg, 90: 2416-22, 2008.

24. Mair SD, Uhl TL, Robbe RG, Brindle KA. Physeal Changes and Range-of-Motion Differences in the Dominant Shoulders of Skeletally Immature Baseball Players. J Shoulder Elbow Surg, 13:487-91, 2004.

25. Dwelly PM, Tripp BL, Tripp PA, Eberman LE, Gorin S. Glenohumeral Rotational Range of Motion in Collegiate Overhead-Throwing Athletes During an Athletic Season. J Athl Train, 44(6): 611-16, 2009.

26. Kerut EK, Kerut DG, Fleisig GS, Andrews JR. Prevention of Arm Injury in Youth Baseball Pitchers. J La State Med Soc, 160: 95-98, 2008.

27. Drakos MC, Barker JU, Oshabr DC, Lehto S, Ruzki JR, Potter H, Coleman SH, Allen AA, Altchek DW. Effective Glenoid Version in Professional Baseball Players. Am J Orthopedics, 29:340-4, 2010.